The Budapest Memorandum of 1994 was breached when Russia annexed Crimea and started a covert invasion of eastern Ukraine in the spring of 2014. The Memorandum signatories failed to deter Russia aggression and to uphold Ukraine’s security and territorial integrity, as had been promised in return for the country’s surrender of its nuclear weapons after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
By Oxana Shevel, HURI Associate
The 2014 snap elections to the Ukrainian parliament (Verkhovna Rada) that took place on Oct. 26, 2014 will likely go down in history as a watershed election in Ukraine’s post-Soviet history. For the first time, instead of a closely divided legislature with pro-Russian and pro-European parties nearly equally matched, the October 2014 election produced a parliament where pro-European parties will hold a dominant majority. With 97.83 percent of the votes counted, six parties cleared the 5 percent threshold: People’s Front (22.17 percent), Petro Poroshenko’s Block (21.82 percent), Samopomich (11.01 percent), Opposition Block (9.35 percent), Radical Party of Oleh Liashko (7.44 percent), and Batkivshchyna (5.68 percent). Of the six, only the Opposition Block, composed primarily of member of the rump Party of Regions of the former president Victor Yanukovych, can be termed as pro-Russian.
HURI's Fellowship programs in Ukrainian studies continue to attract international scholars conducting world-class research. These programs are made possible by the generous donations from the Eugene and Daymel Shklar Foundation, the Petro Jacyk Endowed Fund in Ukrainian Bibliography, the Dr. Jaroslaw and Nadia Mihaychuk Fellowship Fund, and the Ukrainian Studies Fund, Inc. Fellowships recipients for the academic year 2014–15 are: Yuliya Ilchuk, Natalia Laas, Nadiya Kravets, Oksana Mikheieva, Roksolana Mykhaylyk, Oksana Mykhed, Viktoriya Sereda, Oxana Shevel, Volodymyr Sklokin, Andriy Zayarnyuk, Orest Zayats and Giorgio Ziffer.
One of them, Orest Zayats, a young historian who is Senior Researcher at the Hrushevsky Institute of Ukrainian Archeography and Source Studies of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, agreed to share some of his thoughts with us on a number of issues pertaining to doing scholarship in Ukraine today.
By Anne Applebaum, HURI Affiliate
Looking back over the past quarter-century, it isn't easy to name a Western policy that can truly be described as a success. The impact of Western development aid is debatable. Western interventions in the Middle East have been disastrous.
But one Western policy stands out as a phenomenal success, particularly when measured against the low expectations with which it began: the integration of Central Europe and the Baltic States into the European Union and NATO. Thanks to this double project, more than 90 million people have enjoyed relative safety and relative prosperity for more than two decades in a region whose historic instability helped launch two world wars.
By Roman Szporluk, Mykhailo S. Hrushevs'kyi Professor of Ukrainian History, Emeritus, Harvard University
The people who took part in the revolution on the Maidan were born after the downfall of the Soviet Union. Therefore, the situation got out of control of the elites— says Roman Szporluk in an interview with Filip Memches.
The breakup of the Soviet Union, the country that for decades was one of the key players in the world arena, today continues to fascinate, puzzle and provoke sharp debates among scholars, politicians and readers, interested in world history.
The tumultuous events of July – December of 1991 that lead up to the disintegration of the USSR, and their lasting impact on the world, we live in now, became the subject of The Last Empire. The Final Days of the Soviet Union by Serhii Plokhy, Mykhailo Hrushevsky Professor of Ukrainian History and Director of Ukrainian Research Institute of Harvard University (Basic Books; May 13, 2014; ISBN: 987-0-465-05696-5; $32.00).
Monday, February 2, 2015 - 4:15pm - 6:00pm
March 16, 2014. Prof. Michael S. Flier, Oleksandr Potebnja Professor of Ukrainian Philology, was interviewed by Britt Peterson of the Boston Globe for her article entitled "The Long War over the Ukrainian Language".
December 14, 2013. Appeal to EuroMaidan (in Ukrainian): Григорій Грабович, професор кафедри української літератури Гарвардського університету, головний редактор часопису «Критика» (Київ), голова Наукового товариства Шевченка в Америцї.
May 24, 2014. Prof. Henry Hale (Principle Investigator, George Washington University), Prof. Timothy Colton (Co-Investigator, Harvard University), Dr. Nadiya Kravets (Co-Investigator, HURI, Harvard University) and Dr. Olga Onuch (Co-Investigator, HURI, Harvard University and University of Oxford), have formed a research team studying the politics of the Ukrainian crisis, and have been awarded a large National Science Foundation Grant to conduct a Multi-wave Electoral Panel Survey in Ukraine. Funding for the project has also been provided by the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute and the Ukrainian Studies Fund.