A Prayer for the Government. Jews and Ukrainians in Revolutionary Times, 1917-1920
With the fall of the Russian Empire in 1917, Jewish and Ukrainian political activists worked to overcome a millennial history of mutual antagonism by creating a new form of government based on the principles of Autonomism, a political theory which attempted to address the unique problems of multi-national states. A Ministry of Jewish Affairs was established within the new Ukrainian National Republic, currency was printed with Yiddish as well as Polish and Russian inscriptions alongside the Ukrainian, and other measures were adopted to satisfy the national aspirations of the non-Ukrainian citizens of the fledgling Ukrainian state.
This bold experiment in nationality relations, however, ended in terrible failure as wave after wave of anarchic violence swept the countryside amidst civil war and foreign intervention. Bands of roving pogromists attacked various minorities, resulting in the worst massacres of Jews in Europe in almost three hundred years. Paradoxically, some forty percent of recorded pogroms were perpetrated by troops ostensibly loyal to the very same government that was simultaneously extending unprecedented civil rights to the Jewish population.
A Prayer for the Government explores this paradox, using formerly restricted Soviet archives, the extensive documentation of the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York City and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and secondary sources in Slavic and Jewish languages. It sheds new light on the relationship between the various Ukrainian governments and the communal violence and discusses in depth the role of Symon Petliura, the Ukrainian leader who was later assassinated by a Jew claiming revenge for the pogroms. This work will be of value to all those interested in this crucial period of Ukrainian and Jewish history, and also as a case study of ethnic violence in emerging political entities.
310 pp., maps, photos, illus.; ISBN 0-916458-88-1 (hardcover) (HUP/ABRHAR) $36.95; ISBN 0-916458-87-3 (softcover) (HUP/ABRPRX) $19.95.
[Co-published with the Center for Jewish Studies, Harvard University]
An Early Slavonic Psalter from Rus'. Volume I
Moshé Altbauer and Horace G. Lunt, editors
An Early Slavonic Psalter consists of a photoreproduction of the surviving parts of a manuscript written in Rus' ca. 1100 AD. The main portion is in the library of the Monastery of St. Catherine at the foot of Mount Sinai, and a fragment is in the Leningrad Public Library. Any manuscript of this age is valuable for the information it provides about the language and culture of early Rus', but the significance of this combined codex is enhanced by the fact that it is the oldest representative of a special revision of the Psalter text which became standard only in Rus' and not elsewhere in the world of the Orthodox Slavs. This volume also includes photoreproductions of portions of a mid-twelfth century Psalter from Rus'.
"Slavic scholarship owes a debt of gratitude to the editors of this volume" -- Henrik Birnbaum, Speculum
x, 181 pp ISBN 0-674-22310-1 (clothbound) LC 78-59967 (HUP/ALTEAR ) $7.95.
An Orthodox Pomjanyk of the Seventeenth-Eighteenth Centuries
Moshé Altbauer in collaboration with Ihor Sevcenko and Bohdan Struminsky
This is a publication of a diptych in which names of the dead and living Orthodox faithful with members of their families (including tsars, princes, patriarchs of Muscovy, and Ukrainian hetmans) were entered by emissaries of St. Catherine's Monastery to Muscovy, the Ukrainian Hetmanate, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Crimea, and the Ottoman Empire from the 1630s to the 1730s in exchange for alms for the monastery and the prayers of its monks. Entries in the diptych are mostly in Ukrainian even from places in the Crimea and Istanbul and its environs; hence the Ukrainian name pomjanyk is used to describe the text.
This diptych had been known to scholars since at least the 1940s, but it was only the visit to Mt. Sinai by Moshé Altbauer in the 1960s that led to the photographing and publishing of this valuable document.
The volume contains a preface, photoreproduction of the original, and an index of personal and geographic names.
xii, 292 pp. ISBN 0-916458-32-6 (clothbound) LC 89-84703 (HUP/ALTORT) $7.95.
The companion volume to the Pomjanyk can be ordered from: Professor Dr. Hans Rothe Slavistisches Seminar, Universität Bonn, Lennéstrasse 1 D-5300 Bonn 1, GERMANY
Peasants, Power, and Place: Revolution in the Villages of Kharkiv Province, 1914–1921
Mark R. Baker
Peasants, Power, and Place is the first English-language book to focus on Ukrainian-speaking peasants during the revolutionary period from 1914 to 1921. In contrast to the many studies written from the perspectives of the Ukrainian national movement’s leaders or the Bolsheviks or urban workers, this book portrays this period of war, revolution, and civil war from the viewpoints of the villagers—the overwhelming majority of the population of what became Ukraine.
Utilizing previously unavailable archival documents, Mark R. Baker opens a unique and neglected window into the tumultuous events of those years in Ukraine and across the crumbling Russian Empire. One of Baker’s key arguments is that the peasants of Kharkiv province thought of themselves primarily as members of their particular village communities, and not as members of any nation or class—ideas to which peasants were only then being introduced. Thus this study helps to move the historiography beyond the narrow and ideologized categories created during the Cold War and still employed today. Readers will gain a broader understanding of the ways in which the majority of the population experienced these crucial years in Ukraine’s history.
296 pp. ISBN 9781932650150 (paperback) (HUP) $39.95.
Independent Belarus: Domestic Determinants, Regional Dynamics, and Implications for the West
Edited by Margarita M. Balmaceda, James I. Clem, Lisbeth L. Tarlow
The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 ushered in a period of democratization and market reform extending across the East-Central European region, with one important exception: Belarus. Its fledgling attempts at democracy, ironically, have produced a leader who has suspended the post-Soviet constitution and its institutions, and created a personal dictatorship. Located in the center of the European continent, Belarus lies at the crossroads of an expanded NATO and the Russian "near abroad." This fact underlines the importance of Belarus for European security as well as East-West relations.
For these reasons, an international group of scholars, policymakers, and members of nongovernmental organizations gathered at Harvard University in May 1999 to discuss developments in Belarus, covering a broad spectrum of issues: domestic politics and economics, trade, bilateral relations with neighboring countries, integration with Russia and regional security. Independent Belarus represents the continuing work of participants from that conference as well as specially commissioned pieces, with 19 articles by a wide array of international specialists who have worked on Belarus and are actively engaged there. This volume provided a solid basis for understanding Belarus in the 1990s, its present status, and its prospects for the future. Contributors include: Margarita Balmaceda, James Clem, Lisbeth Tarlow, Timothy Colton, David Marples, Uladzimir Padhol, Rainer Lindner, Patricia Brukoff, Leonid Zlotnikov, Arksdy Moshes, Andrei Sannikov, Yuri Drakokhrust, Dmitri Furman, John Reppert, Astrid Sahm, Kirsten Westphal, Hrihoriy Perepelytsia, Algirdas Gricius, Agnieszka Magdziak-Miszewska, Hans-Georg Wieck, Sherman Granett, Elaine Conkievich, and Caryn Wilde.
483 pp. ISBN 0-916458-94-6 (paperback) (HUP/BALIND) $26.50.
A Description of Ukraine
Guillaume Le Vasseur, Sieur de Beauplan. Translation and annotations by Andrew B. Pernal and Dennis F. Essar
This seventeenth-century description of Ukraine by the Frenchman Guillaume Le Vasseur, Sieur de Beauplan stands out as one of the earliest and most colorful of the West-European descriptions of Ukraine and the Cossacks. The present volume contains an English translation of the original French text (Description d'Ukranie) with reproductions of the original illustrations, an introduction by the translators, in which the circumstances of Beauplan's stay in Ukraine, his work as a cartographer and author, and the hisotry of his maps and the Description d'Ukranie are discussed. Included is a representative selection of Beauplan's maps of Ukraine and a gazeteer keyed to those maps. This work is indispensable for scholars of Ukrainian history and the history of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and to all those interested in Ukraine and her past.
The English translation is the third part of a joint US-Ukraine publishing collaboration, the first of its kind. A facsimile reproduction and Ukrainian language translation (with scholarly commentary on Beauplan and the text) have been produced in Ukraine by the Archeographic Commission of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences through the publishing house Naukova dumka.
facsimile edition: 1990. 112 p., 1 map, ISBN 0-916458-39-3 (clothbound) (HURI) $5.00 Ukrainian translation: 1990. 256 pp., illustrations, ISBN 0-916458-40-7 (clothbound) (HURI) $5.00 English translation: 1993. cxiv, 243 pp., illus., 29 maps, separate map case, ISBN 0-916458-44-X (clothbound) LC 92-54347 (HUP/VASDES) $78.95.
Alexander A. Potebnja's Psycholinguistic Theory of Literature: A Metacritical Inquiry
The work of Alexander Potebnja, a leading Ukrainian linguist of the nineteenth century, flourished in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union during the first three decades of this century. Potebnja's theory attracted scores of adherents and gave rise to an influential literary journal and a formal critical school at Kharkiv. Beginning in the thirties, however, Potebnja's work was officially renounced in the Soviet Union, and in the West he remains virtually unknown, despite his remarkable achievements in linguistics and literary theory.
In his study, Fizer carefully reconstructs Potebnja's theory from the psycholinguistic formulations found in his works on language, myth, and folklore. Elaborating the central tenets of Potebnja's theory in regard to their philosophical, psychological, and linguistic bases, Fizer provides an insightful analysis that restores Potebnja to his rightful place in the history of literary criticism.
"John Fizer has written an elegant, well-researched book on a much-battered subject, Alexander Potebnja as critic and theorist of literature. . . One suspects that Fizer's lucid presentation and felicitous excerp-ting . . . greatly improve upon the accessibility [of Potebnja's oringals]; Fizer makes the case clearer to us than Potebnja had made it to his students and successors."
Caryl Emerson, Russian Review
xii, 164 pp., ISBN 0-916458-16-4 (clothbound), LC 87-80688 (HUP/FIZALE) $20.95.
David A. Frick
Meletij Smotryc'kyj was one of the outstanding figures in the great flourishing of Orthodox spirituality that occurred in the late 16th and early 17th century in response to the challenge posed first by Polish heterodox religious movements, and later by the Polish Counter-Reformation. His biography reflects the tensions and contradictions that characterized his "nation" -- the Ruthenians, the Orthodox Christians of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Ruthenian patriots were torn between various allegiances to nation, church, and traditions. Thus, in Smotryc'kyj's life we witness one of the later acts in the drama of the European Age of Reform, all the more important because for the first time the Reformation and Counter-Reformation came into direct daily contact with the Byzantine world of Orthodox Slavdom. Professor Frick's biography--the first major English-language work on Smotryc'kyj--examines the ways in which established cultures were altered by cross-cultural understandings and misunderstandings, resulting from the confrontation and mutual adaptation of two or more diverse cultures. This study, which has affinities with the "microhistorical approach," seeks to reconstruct details in the lives of individuals and pays special attention to the ways in which individual world views conflicted with each other and with with various higher authorities. Meletij Smotryc'kyj will be of interest to scholars and students of Ukraine, Poland-Lithuania, and those researching the history of the Uniate, Orthodox, and Catholic churches in Eastern Europe.
"The subject of Smotryc'kyj, in Frick's masterful handling, offers important new research and insightful reformulations of fundamental historical issues. This book makes an extremely valuable contribution to the social, cultural, and religious history of Ukraine in the Commonwealth, but also toward a more complet>e and complex religious history of early modern Europe." -- Larry Wolff, Journal of Social History
300 pp., LC 95-211955. ISBN 0-916458-55-5 (clothbound) (HUP/FRIMEL) $33.50; ISBN 0-916458-60-1 (paperback) (HUP/FRIMEX) $18.95.
Rural Revolutions in Southern Ukraine: Peasants, Nobles, and Colonists, 1774–1905
Friesen presents a study of the transformation of New Russia—the region north of the Black and Azov seas—from its conquest by the Russian Empire in the late eighteenth century to the revolutionary tumult of 1905. Friesen is particularly interested in the dynamic and multifaceted relations between the region's peasants, European colonists, and Russian estate owners. He gives special attention to the settlement process whereby once-free peasants were enserfed within a generation, as well as the period of servile emancipation after 1861, when the paths of the region's agriculturalists converged in unexpected ways. Overall, Friesen sees the region as vital to an understanding of the Empire as a whole. He demonstrates how peasants, nobles, and estate owners were key actors in a series of rural revolutions that eventually threatened the Empire itself.
368 pp., 4 maps; ISBN 978-1-932650-00-6 (clothbound) (HUP/FRIRUR) $39.95.
The Cossack Administration of the Hetmanate
The Hetmanate (Het'manshchyna) was a Ukrainian Cossack state founded in the middle of the seventeenth century, after Bohdan Khmel'nyts'kyi's uprising detached certain territories in Ukraine from the rest of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Hetmanate was the only state ever established by a Cossack group, and the first modern Ukrainian state.
Drawing extensively on published sources, this study consists of a Regiment-by-Regiment description of officers and administrators of the Hetmanate in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It is an extremely valuable reference work for military and social historians of the Khmel'nyts'kyi and Mazepa eras.
". . . an indispensable compendium to students of Ukrainian history in the second half of the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries." --Ivan L. Rudnytsky
2 vols., xvi, 775 pp., 13 maps, ISBN 0-916458-02-4 (paperback), LC 77-73708, $10.00. Out of print.
Cultures and Nations of Central and Eastern Europe: Essays in Honor of Roman Szporluk
Ed. Zvi Gitelman, Lubomyr Hajda, John-Paul Himka, and Roman Solchanyk
This volume culture in Central and Eastern Europe eminent scholars from the United States, Canada, Ukraine, and Poland. Topics range from the rise of Ukrainian national consciousness in Galicia to contemporary Russian attitudes toward Ukrainian nation building; from the rise of private property in Russia during the reign of Catherine II to contemporary Serbian nationalism; from an analysis of the impact of theories of nationalism on the discipline of history to a critique of Ernest Gellner's "constructivist" theory of the nation. The articles are fresh and urgent and mirror Szporluk's broad and comparativist view of Central and Eastern Europe. A bibliography of the work of Roman Szporluk is included. Scholars of European culture and history will find much to stimulate their own thinking about the area, while students will find this an excellent introduction to critical issues in the study of Central and Eastern Europe.
Women in Ukraine: The Political Potential of Community Organizations, MARTHA BOHACHEVSKY-CHOMIAK; Systemic Crisis and National Mobilization: The Case of the "Memorandum of the Serbian Academy," AUDREY HELFANT BUDDING; Europe West and East: Thoughts on History, Culture, and Kosovo, WALTER D. CONNOR; Progressive Judaism in Poland: Dilemmas of Modernity and Identity, STEVEN D. CORRSIN; The Slavic Saint Jerome: An Entertainment, JOHN V. A. FINE; Surzhyk: The Rules of Engagement, MICHAEL S. FLIER; Native Land, Promised Land, Golden Land: Jewish Emigration from Russia and Ukraine, ZVI GITELMAN; Symbolic Autobiography in the Prose of Mykola Khvyl'ovyi (Some Preliminary Observations), GEORGE G. GRABOWICZ; The Odyssey of the Petliura Library and the Records of the Ukrainian National Republic during World War II, PATRICIA KENNEDY GRIMSTED; Taras Bulba on the Pampas and the Fjords: A Ukrainian Cossack Theme in Western Opera, LUBOMYR A. HAJDA; The Borderlands of Power: Territory and Great Power Status in Russia at the Beginning and at the End of the Twentieth Century, FIONA HILL; Krakivs'ki visti: An Overview, JOHN-PAUL HIMKA; National Identities in Post-Soviet Ukraine: The Case of Lviv and Donetsk, YAROSLAV HRYTSAK; Text and Subtext in Roman Ivanychuk's Mal'vy, ASSYA HUMESKY; Losing Faith: The Slovak-Hungarian Constitutional Struggle, 1906-1914, OWEN V. JOHNSON; Was Iaroslav of Halych Really Shooting Sultans in 1185?, EDWARD L. KEENAN; The Habsburg Empire (Re)Disintegrates: The Roots of Opposition in Lviv and Ljubljana, 1988, PADRAIC KENNEY; The Image of Jews in Ukraine's Intellectual Tradition: The Role of Istoriia Rusov,ZENON E. KOHUT; Nationalizing the Public, RITA KRUEGER; Class Interest and the Shaping of a "Non-Historical" Nation: Reassessing the Galician Ruthenian Path to Ukrainian Identity, HUGO LANE; The Polish and Ukrainian Languages: A Mutually Beneficial Relationship, MICHAL LESIOW; Interwar Poland and Romania: The Nationalization of Elites, the Vanishing Middle, and the Problem of Intellectuals, IRINA LIVEZEANU; Private Property Comes to Russia: The Reign of Catherine II, RICHARD PIPES; The Revolutionary Crisis of 1846-1849 and Its Place in the Development of Nineteenth-Century Galicia, ANTONY POLONSKY; The First Constitution of Ukraine (5 April 1710), OMELJAN PRITSAK; Nationalism and Communist Multiethnic Polities: The Legacies of Ethnicization, TERESA RAKOWSKA-HARMSTONE; Religious Exclusion and State Building: The Roman Catholic Church and the Attempted Revival of Greek Catholicism in the Chelm Region, 1918-1924, KONRAD SADKOWSKI; Inscriptions East and West in the First Millennium: The Common Heritage and the Parting of the Ways, IHOR SEVCENKO; Russians in Ukraine: Problems and Prospects, ROMAN SOLCHANYK; Nationalism and the Public Sphere: The Limits of Rational Association in the Nineteenth-Century Polish Countryside, KEELY STAUTER-HALSTED; History and the Making of Nations, RONALD GRIGOR SUNY; Grappling with the Hero: Hrushevs'kyi Confronts Khmel'nyts'kyi, FRANK E. SYSYN; Ernest Gellner and the "Constructivist" Theory of Nation, ANDRZEJ WALICKI; Old-Fashioned Slavs at Carnival in Venice: The Dramatic Dilemma of Eastern Europe, LARRY WOLFF; The Diminishing Burden of the Soviet Past: Russian Assessments of Russian-Ukrainian Linkages, WILLIAM ZIMMERMAN.
668 pp., illus., ISBN 0-916458-93-8 (softcover) (HUP/GITCUL) $26.50. [Also published as vol. 22 (1998) of Harvard Ukrainian Studies.]
The Poet as Mythmaker: A Study of Symbolic Meaning in Taras Sevcenko
Taras Shevchenko (1814-1861) is the central figure in modern Ukrainian literature, and accordingly enormous attention has been devoted to his person, his work, and his role in Ukrainian history and the Ukrainian renaissance of the 19th century. In The Poet as Mythmaker, Grabowicz explores a hitherto ignored, yet vital part of the Shevchenko phenomenon: the symbolic nature of Shevchenko's poetry. According to Grabowicz's new analysis, myth serves as the underlying code and model of Shevchenko's universe. By virtue of its method of symbolic analysis this book is of value not only to Slavists, but to all who are interested in a rigorous study of literary myth in a broader cultural context.
"George Grabowicz. . .finds the key to Shevchenko's paradoxical literary heritage in the code of myth, and it is to the deep structure of myth in his Ukrainian poetry that this valuable and interesting study is devoted." --Arnold McMillan, Times Literary Supplement
xiv, 170 pp., ISBN 0-674-67852-4 (clothbound), LC 82-81227 (HUP/GRAPOE) $21.00.
Toward a History of Ukrainian Literature
Originally written as a critique and review of Dmytro Cyzevs'kyj's A History of Ukrainian Literature, this book includes both a critical examination of Cyzevs'kyj's History and the articulation of an alternative and arguably more accurate and functional model of Ukrainian literary history. This study is of considerable value to students of literary history and theory.
1981. vii, 101 pp., ISBN 0-674-89676-9 (paperback), LC 80-53801 (HUP/GRATOW) $7.95.
Crisis and Reform: The Kyivan Metropolitanate, The Patriarchate of Constantinople, and The Genesis of The Union of Brest
Borys A. Gudziak
Crisis and Reform is a groundbreaking study that traces the Church history that led to the Union of Brest (1596), in which a majority of Ruthenian eparchies accepted the primacy of the Pope in Rome while retaining their Slavonic-Byzantine rite. Dr. Gudziak concentrates specifically on the significance of the Kyivan metropolitanate and its struggle both with the Moscow metropolitanate and with the encroachment of Polish Roman-Catholicism and Protestantism on Ruthenian spiritual life. He also shows how these tensions, coupled with the aftermath of the visit to Muscovy (1588-1589) of Patriarch Jeremiah of Constantinople, led to the decision of the Ruthenian hierarchy to move toward union with Rome.
Crisis and Reform provides an excellent overview of the ecclesiastical structures in Eastern Slavic lands from their Christianization to the late sixteenth century. The volume also contains maps and reproductions of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century illustrations of leading Church figures, polemicists, and sites important to the Union.
320 pp., 8 illus., maps. ISBN 0-916458-92-X (paperback) (HUP/GUDCRX) $24.95. Harvard Series in Ukrainian Studies.
Odessa: A History, 1794-1914
Odessa was founded by Empress Catherine II in 1794 on the northern shore of the Black Sea. Settled close to the fertile Ukrainian steppe, Odessa soon became the base for export of cereals from the Russian Empire to Western Europe. Attracted by trade and the liberal policies of its early governors, Greeks, Italians, Jews, French, Armenians, and other nationalities immigrated to the city and the surrounding countryside.
Patricia Herlihy examines the rapid development of Odessa during the nineteenth century and the increasing social tension that led to its decline prior to the First World War. Her comprehensive study sheds light on the role of the hinterland in the urban expansion of the port and is an important contribution to Ukrainian and Russian history.
"This work has many strengths, and I have genuine admiration for the author's achievement. All major topics of today's urban history have been explored in this broad survey, and interesting questions have been asked throughout." --John P. McKay, Business History Review
"Herlihy's Odessa is an impressive work. Set in the context of recent urban studies in the United States and Europe, it is based on rich and varied materials. . .The author's general approach to her many-faceted subject is intelligent and on the whole judicious, as well as sensitive, strikingly sympathetic, and at times enthusiastic. The book is well written and it never drags." --Nicholas V. Riasanovsky, Journal of Modern History
xviii, 411 pp., 4 maps, 13 photos, ISBN 0-916458-15-6 (clothbound) (HUP/HERODE) $30.50; ISBN 0-916458-43-1 (paperback) LC 86-82703 (HUP/HERODX) $18.95.
Kistiakovsky: The Struggle for National and Constitutional Rights in the Last Years of Tsarism
Bogdan Kistiakovsky has been a critical figure in post-Soviet discussions of constitutional law and its development in the successor states of the Soviet Union. Professor Susan Heuman traces the development of this seminal figure in the late Russian Empire, showing the importance of, among other things, the constitutional and federal ideas of M. P. Drahomanov for Kistiakovsky, and his devotion to the cause of Ukrainian national autonomy--Kistiakovsky's father was an activist in the Hromada, which set the stage the younger Kistiakovsky's life-long struggle for national self-determination. With the current growing interest in the constitutional traditions of pre-revolutionary Ukraine and Russia, this biography of Kistiakovsky should provoke thoughtful discussion of the traditions and Kistiakovsky's place within them.
"Susan Heuman's important book...is a valuable study of an original thinker whose considerable role in the political controversies of the early twentieth century has been largely neglected in the scholarly literature." -Richard Wortman, Columbia University
240 pp., 4 b&w photographs. ISBN 0-916458-61-X (hardcover), LC 98-6667 (HUP/HEUKIS) $34.50; softcover, ISBN 0-916458-65-2 (HUP/HEUKIX) $18.95.
Socialism in Galicia: The Emergence of Polish Social Democracy and Ukrainian Radicalism (1860-1890)
This study of socialism in nineteenth-century Galicia engages fundamental problems of the links between nationalism, socialism, and the nature of peasant and artisan politics in Eastern Europe. In Galicia, Polish and Ukrainian socialists organized journeyman artisans and recently emancipated peasants into potent political forces. This work examines the origins of the socialist movements arising from the democratic national movements formed in response to the introduction of the Austrian constitution in 1863.
Hunczak, The Ukraine, 1917-1921.
". . .a well-researched monograph. More than other authors of recent works in the field, . . .Himka presents his topic in close connection to the Galician nationality question and provides a view of this question from the Ukrainian perspective." --Tadeusz Swietochowski, The American Historical Review
xii, 244 pp., ISBN 0-916458-07-5 (paperback), LC 83-47953 (HUP/HIMSOC) $18.95.
The Ukraine, 1917-1921: A Study in Revolution
Taras Hunczak, editor
The Ukrainian Revolution of 1917-1921 represented the culmination of the Ukrainian national revival, which slowly gained momentum in the nineteenth century to become a political force in the twentieth. Drawing on the strengths of many prominent Ukrainian scholars, A Study in Revolution follows the progress of the Ukrainian intelligentsia in their attempt to build a viable national political community, while remaining true to their at times dogmatic ideology. While developments in Galicia and western Ukraine are touched upon, this volume deals primarily with circumstances in eastern Ukraine during the revolutionary era.
"This work is an important contribution to the history of Central and Eastern Europe." --Wolfdieter Bihl, Österreichische Osthefte
". . .a welcome supplement to the existing literature on political developments during the Ukrainian Revolution." --Steven Guthier, Journal of Ukrainian Studies
x, 424 pp., 1 map, ISBN 0-674-92009-0 (clothbound), LC 77-73710 (HUP/HUNUKR) $14.50.
Ukrainian Futurism, 1914-1930: An Historical and Critical Study
Oleh S. Ilnytzkyj
From its inception just before WWI to its demise during the turmoil of the Soviet 1930s, Ukrainian Futurism remained little studied and much misunderstood. It has remained so in the late 20th century. Professor Oleh Ilnytzkyj's study of the Futurists and their leader Mykhail' Semenko addresses this problem, providing the first major monograph on this vibrant literary movement. The study includes histories of Futurism and other major Ukrainian literary movements and analyses of the major figures of the movement and their works, focusing first and foremost on Semenko himself. Color and black and white illustrations, as well as special typography show the important link between the written and visual media. As well, Ilnytzkyj discusses the interaction of the Futurists with such important film and theater figures as Oleksandr Dovzhenko and Les' Kurbas. Ukrainian Futurism will be of great value to all those interested in twentieth-century Ukrainian culture.
Winner of the American Association for Ukrainian Studies Book Prize
430 pp., b&w and color illus., hardcover, ISBN 0-916458-56-3 (HUP/ILNUKR) $36.95; softcover, 0-916458-59-8 (HUP/ILNUKX) $17.95. LC98-112206
Republic vs. Autocracy: Poland-Lithuania and Russia, 1686-1697
A. S. Kaminski
In Republic vs. Autocracy, Professor Andrzej Kaminski analyzes a pivotal period in the relationship between two Eastern European powers. By this time Poland-Lithuania had lost control of East-Bank Ukraine and Kyiv to Russia, and saw the election of a Saxon king to the Polish Crown. While Russia was growing stronger in the international sphere, Poland-Lithuania had begun a decline that would eventually lead to the ever-increasing absorption of its territories by its adversaries. This book concentrates on the diplomatic relationship between the two powers as witnessed by the records of the respective offices responsible to foreign affairs. Particular attention is paid to the residencies maintained in Warsaw and Moscow. Kaminski shows how Poland-Lithuania and Russia perceived each other, and how the fate of Ukraine and the balance of power in Eastern Europe were decisively altered duting these years. This study will be valuable to students of Ukrainian, Russian, and Polish history.
"This excellent monograph, based solidly on both Polish and Russian archival sources, adds appreciably to an understanding of a vital and neglected period in the long history of Polish-Russian relations." --Robert I. Frost,The Slavonic and East European Review
"Kaminski has performed a major service for all seeking to understand Ukrainian history during the formative period of the Kozak myth." --John A. Armstrong, The Ukrainian Quarterly
xiv, 313 pp., ISBN 0-916458-45-8 (clothbound) (HUP/KAMREP) $34.50; 0-916458-49-0 (paperback), LC 92-54346 (HUP/KAMREX) $18.95.
Russian Centralism and Ukrainian Autonomy: Imperial Absorption of the Hetmanate, 1760s-1830s
Zenon E. Kohut
Russia's expansion into a large multinational empire was accompanied by a drive toward centralism and administrative uniformity. Yet, particularly in the western borderlands, Russia accommodated itself to the reality of privileged self-governing areas. The Ukrainian Hetmanate, which came under the tsar's suzerainty in 1654, preserved for more than a century its own military, administrative, fiscal, and judicial systems.
Zenon E. Kohut examines the struggle between Russian centralism and Ukrainian autonomy from the reign of Catherine II, during which Ukrainian institutions were abolished, to the 1830s, by which time Ukrainian society had been integrated into the imperial system. Meticulously researched, lucidly written, and well argued, Kohut's book is a major contribution to Ukrainian and Russian studies.
"Kohut has written an authoritative study examining the relationship between the Ukraine and Russia in the eighteenth century. It contributes greatly to our understanding of the process by which the Russian Empire absorbed non-Russian peoples and lands." --Marc Raeff, Columbia University
xv, 363 pp., 2 maps, ISBN 0-916458-17-2 (clothbound), LC 88-42807 (HUP/KOHRUS) $28.50.
Selected Contributions of Ukrainian Scholars to Economics
I. S. Koropeckyj, editor
The study of pre-revolutionary Ukrainian economic thought has been neglected within Ukraine and abroad. The history of economic thought is part of the intellectual heritage of a country and, as such, is necessary for an understanding of the present status of scholarship and culture in general.
Selected Contributions was prepared in response to this need. Through analysis of selected contributions of important Ukrainian economists leading scholars examine the development of economic science in the Ukraine since the mid-nineteenth century. The result is a unique and important contribution to the history of Ukraine.
xiv, 229 pp., ISBN 0-916458-10-5 (clothbound), LC 84-80076 (HUP/KORSEL) $14.00.
Reminder: Publications with the word "(HUP)" following their entry should be ordered from Harvard University Press, 79 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Tel. 1-800-405-1619 (USA & Canada). Individuals are urged to order through a bookseller. Publications with the word "(HURI)" following their entry can be ordered from HURI at the editorial address.
Ukrainian Economic History: Interpretive Essays
I. S. Koropecky,editor
The contributions to this volume, presented at the Third Conference on Ukrainian Economics at Harvard University in the fall of 1985, are divided into three parts covering the following periods: Kievan Rus', the 16th and 17th centuries, and the 19th century. The articles deal with important issues of each period rather than providing a comprehensive survey of Ukrainian economic history. In the first part, the problem of the orientation of the Kievan Principality to the Nomadic East and the Byzantine South is discussed. In the second part, the economic ties between the Ukraine, during the rise and fall of Cossackdom and the Hetmanate, and the West and Muscovy are analyzed. The third part deals with important problems of economic development during the Ukraine's rebirth as a modern nation in the past century. Issues discussed include: population change, industrialization, relations with the Russian Empire's metropolis, urbanization, and the development of the southern and western (within the Austro-Hungarian Empire) regions. The volume includes an introductory essay that offers a periodization scheme of Ukrainian economic history.
"Ukrainian Economic History is well worth reading, and it would be quite useful at both the graduate and undergraduate levels." -Leonard Friesen, Journal of Ukrainian Studies
xiv, 392 pp., maps, ISBN 0-916458-35-0 (clothbound) (HUP/KORUKE) $34.50; ISBN 0-916458-63-6 (paperback) LC 90-50460 (HUP/KORUKX) $18.95.
The Ukrainian Economy: Achievements, Problems, Challenges
I. S. Koropecky,editor
The present volume contains papers presented at the Fourth Quinquennial Cenference on Ukrainian Economics at the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute of Harvard University, in September 1990. Contributions by discussants have been added to round out the collection. The contributors from the U.S., England, Canada, and Ukraine deal with the Ukrainian economy during the past decade-a period of epochal change. The papers are divided into five sections: Framework; Resources; Performance; Welfare; and External Relations. A recurrent theme centers on the nature of Ukrainian-Soviet economic relations in the past, whether this relationship was exploitative, and, if so, to what degree. Each author reviews economic trends in Ukraine to the end of 1990, and analyzes the potential for future Ukrainian economic policy and development. The analyses are supported by statistical information presented in eighty tables. Four maps help to orient the reader.
Because of the wide range of topics and extensive source material, this collection will be useful not only to specialists, but also to students and anyone interested in Ukraine today.
I. S. Koropecky, editor
"...[This] is an extremely useful reference book for researchers and practioners alike. The volume would also be an excellent choice for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses on privatization and related subjects...." --Heidi Kroll, Slavic Review
xxxii, 436 pp., maps, tables, graphs, ISBN 0-916458-51-2 (clothbound) (HUP/KORUKE) $34.50; ISBN 0-916458-57-1 (paperback) LC 92-54348 (HUP/KORUKX) $18.95.
The Slavonic Book of Esther: Text, Lexicon, Linguistic Analysis, Problems of Translation
Horace G. Lunt and Moshe Taube
The Old Testament Book of Esther in Slavonic Translation is known from East Slavic manuscripts of the late fourteenth to late sixteenth centuries. Working from the Masoretic Hebrew texts and Greek translations, Lunt and Taube examine textological clues to the circumstances of Esther's translation, sources, and redactions. This study creates a solid basis from which scholars can now discuss the particulars of this important translation, the nature of East Slavic biblical translating activity, and the relationship of old East Slavic bookmen to Hebrew and Greek. This book will be of interest to philologists and cultural religious historians alike. The edition contains a full redaction with variants and received translation, a full word-index, grammatical analysis, verse-by-verse commentary, and discussion of vocabulary of selected semantic fields, not only of the Book of Esther, but of comparable texts.
360 pp., illus.; ISBN 0-916458-80-6. (hardcover) LC 98-19993 (HUP/LUNSLA) $42.00.
Communism and the Dilemmas of National Liberation: National Communism in Soviet Ukraine, 1918-1933
In Communism and the Dilemmas of National Liberation, James Mace studies the extent to which Ukrainians pushed the new policies of Ukrainization after the Russian Revolution of 1917. After the Revolution, the twenty-three million Ukrainians who found themselves under Soviet rule after the defeat of the independent Ukrainian People's Republic largely accepted the opportunities afforded by Ukrainization, the local version of korenizatsiia, and pushed it farther than any of its counterparts. Many prominent émigrés returned to Ukraine to help develop their national culture and as a result sparked a flowering of aesthetic and intellectual creativity unique in Ukrainian history. Ukrainians refer to this brief period as the rozstriliane vidrodzhennia, the executed rebirth, because of its abrupt and violent suppression in the 1930s.
"Mace has performed a valuable service. He has penetrated the ideological fog that has tended to surround these issues and has laid bare the essence of a neglected and poorly understood problem." --John S. Reshetar, Jr., Slavic Review
"At last, we have a major English language monograph on Soviet Ukrainian politics that does not duck or diminish essential issues." --Thomas Prymak, Canadian Slavonic Papers
xiv, 334 pp., ISBN 0-916458-09-1 (clothbound), LC 83-4361 (HUP/MACCOM) $28.50.
Nationbuilding and the Politics of Nationalism: Essays on Austrian Galicia
Andrei S. Markovits and Frank E. Sysyn, editors
For the lands and peoples of Galicia, annexation by the Habsburgs profoundly altered their economic, political, social, and cultural life. Of all the developments under Austrian rule, the formation of mass national movements was undoubtedly the most lasting. Poles, Jews, and Ukrainians all advanced in the process of modern nationbuilding. In this collection of eleven essays, leading scholars examine the political, social, and cultural life of Ukrainians, Poles, and Jews in Galicia from 1848 to 1918. Special attention is paid to the evolution of Ukrainian self-identity and the formation of the Ukrainian national movement.
"All too often essay collections are highly uneven affairs. Not so this time. Every one of the eleven sections is in one or more ways of an unusually good quality." --Michael Hurst, The Slavonic and East European Review
vii, 343 pp., ISBN 0-674-60312-5 (paperback), LC 80-53900 3rd printing (HUP/MARNAT) $18.95.
The Origins of the Old Rus' Weights and Monetary Systems: Two Studies in Western Eurasian Metrology and Numismatics in the Seventh to Eleventh Centuries
In this sweeping work, Omeljan Pritsak charts how the metrological and numismatic systems of Western Europe, Arabia, Khazaro-Bulgaria, and, later, Byzantium influenced the development of their counterparts in Kievan Rus'. Pritsak begins with a survey of the weights and monetary systems extant in Eurasia in the seventh to eleventh centuries and goes on to solve many fundamental, century-old problems in the study of Old Rus' metrology and numismatics.
Many of Pritsak's conclusions challenge conventional theories in this field. Students of the history of Rus' will find this to be the most thoroughly researched and documented English-language study of the subject to date.
163 pp., illus., photos; ISBN 0-916458-48-2 (clothbound), LC 92-54345 (HUP/PRIORI) $30.50.
Testament to Ruthenian: A Linguistic Analysis of the Smotryc'kyj Variant
Stefan M. Pugh
In Testament to Ruthenian Stefan Pugh addresses the fundamental question of "What is the Ruthenian language?" on the basis of an analysis of the language of Meletij Smotryc'kyj, the famed Ruthenian churchman, grammarian, and polemicist of the early 17th century. Pugh first gives the history of the East Slavic development of language that gave rise to modern Belarusian and Ukrainian. He then concentrates on a middle stage in that development: proto-Belarusian and proto-Ukrainian, which together constituted a language that was called Rus'--"Ruthenian"--by those who spoke and wrote in it. Smotryc'kyj's writings provide ample material for analyzing this language, and its relationship in writing to Polish and Church Slavonic. Specialists will appreciate this book for its insights into a critical stage in the development of East Slavic languages. General readers will find new insights into the history of Ukrainian and the language use of Meletij Smotryc'kyj.
1995. 320 pp., ISBN 0-916458-75-X (hardcover) (HUP/PUGTES) $42.00.
Ties of Kinship: Genealogy and Dynastic Marriage in Kyivan Rus´
The warp and weft of political and social relationships among the medieval elite were formed by marriages made between royal families. Ties of Kinship establishes a new standard for tracking the dynastic marriages of the ruling family of Rus´—the descendants of Volodimer (Volodimeroviči). Utilizing a modern scholarly approach and a broad range of primary sources from inside and outside Rus´, Christian Raffensperger has created a fully realized picture of the Volodimeroviči from the tenth through the twelfth centuries and the first comprehensive, scholarly treatment of the subject in English.
Alongside more than twenty-two genealogical charts with accompanying bibliographic information, this work presents an analysis of the Volodimeroviči dynastic marriages with modern interpretations and historical contextualization that highlights the importance of Rus´ in a medieval European framework. This study will be used by Slavists, Byzantinists, and West European medievalists as the new baseline for research on the Volodimeroviči and their complex web of relationships with the world beyond.
418 pp., 79 genealogical charts, hardcover, ISBN 9781932650136 (HUP) $49.95.
A Lexical Atlas of the Hutsul Dialects of the Ukrainian Language
Compiled and edited by Janusz A. Rieger
Fixed in the Western mind through the cinematic masterpiece Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors, the Hutsul people of the Carpathian region live in the crossroads of numerous peoples. This atlas is the fruition of the late Polish linguist Jan Jánow's expedition material in the late 1970s and since then has succeeded in transferring the information from disparate field notes and other archival sources onto a series of more than 250 maps, with separate linguistic commentary and indices. This atlas provides a fundamental resource for Slavic dialectologists.
370pp., 254 maps, 4 illus. softcover, LC 97-187357. ISBN 83-86619-90-2 (HUP/RIELEX) $39.95.
The Lords' Jews: Magnate-Jewish Relations in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the 18th Century
M. J. Rosman
In the first in-depth exploration of the relationship between Jews and magnates in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, M. J. Rosman shows the influence of the Jews on the economic, social, and political life in the Polish, Ukrainian, and Belorussian territories, and offers new perspectives on Jewish-magnate relations. Rosman focuses on two major questions: What were the principal spheres of interaction between the Jews and the nobility? What was the significance of this interaction for both parties?
By analyzing the Sieniawski-Czartoryski estates the author demonstrates the measure of cooperation that existed between magnates and Jews. Drawing on Polish, Hebrew, and Yiddish sources and literature from archives and libraries in Poland, Israel, and the United States, Rosman provides a richly detailed account of the socioeconomic development of early modern Europe's largest Jewish community.
"The Lords' Jews is an instant classic and becomes the standard introduction to early modern Polish-Jewish history." --Shaul Stampfer, East European Jewish Affairs
260 pp., 4 line illus., 5 maps, ISBN 0-916458-18-0 (clothbound) (HUP/ROSLOR) $34.50; ISBN 0-916458-47-4 (paperback) 2nd printing LC 89-84704 (HUP/ROSLOX) $18.95. 2nd printing LC89-84704 (Published jointly with the Center for Jewish Studies, Harvard University)
The Crimea Question: Identity, Transition, and Conflict
Crimea's multiethnicity is the most colorful and politically relevant expression of Ukraine's regional diversity. These cultural and institutional echoes from different historical periods have played a crucial role in post-Soviet Ukraine. This book traces the imperial legacies, in particular identities and institutions of the Russian and Soviet period, and post-Soviet transition politics. Both frame Crimea's potential for conflict and the dynamics of conflict prevention. As a critical case in which conflict did not erupt despite a structural predisposition to ethnic, regional, and even international enmity, the Crimea question is located in the larger context of conflict and conflict-prevention studies.
Winner of the 2008 Alexander Nove Prize in Russia, Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies, British Association for Slavonic and East European Studies
416 pp.; ISBN 978-1-932650-01-3 (clothbound) (HUP/SASCRI) $39.95.
Carpatho-Ukraine in the Twentieth Century
Carpatho-Ukraine in the Twentieth Century offers political memoirs and commentary by Vikentii Shandor, an elder statesman who served as a Czechoslovak government official during the years leading up to World War II. From his unique first-person perspective, Shandor analyzes the shifting political situation and legal status of Carpatho-Ukraine from the last days of the Habsburg Empire through the region's two decades as the Czechoslovak region of Subcarpathian Ruthenia and onto the wartime reoccupation by Hungary and the region's ultimate incorporation into the Ukrainian SSR as the Transcarpathia Oblast. Valuable both for its scholarly critique and memoiristic accounts of life on the ground in the late 1930s, Carpatho-Ukraine in the Twentieth Century offers new documentary evidence never before available in English about contyroversial aspects of the extent of Ukrainian nationhood and the debate over ethnicity in the Carpathian region.
343 pp., b&w photograph; hardcover, ISBN 0-916458-86-5. LC98-129953 (HUP/SHACAR) $34.50.
The Ukrainian Language in the First Half of the Twentieth Century (1900-1941): Its State and Status
George Y. Shevelov
The first half of the twentieth century was in many respects crucial for the evolution and character of Modern Standard Ukrainian. Prior to World War I, Ukraine was divided between the Russian and Austro-Hungarian Empires. The standard language lacked uniformity even though the primacy of the standard established in Russian-dominated Ukraine was theoretically accepted in Austrian-ruled Galicia and Bukovina. Up to 1905 the tsarist government forbade the public use of Ukrainian beyond belles-lettres, and excluded it from education until 1917. After 1918, the country was divided among several nations and social and cultural conditions differed drastically.
George Shevelov's book traces the development of Modern Standard Ukrainian in relation to the political, legal, and cultural conditions within each region. It examine the relation of the standard language to the underlying dialects, the ways in which the standard language was enriched, and the complex struggle for the unity of the language and sometimes for its very existence.
"...a magisterial study of a fascinating topic." -George S. N. Luckyj, Slavic Review
1989. vi, 240 pp., ISBN 0-916458-30-X (clothbound), LC 88-81195 (HUP/SHEUKR) $28.50.
Pseudo-Melesko: A Ukrainian Apocryphal Parliamentary Speech of 1615-1618
Pseudo-Melesko concentrates on text-critical, biographical, and linguistic aspects of the Speech in order to demonstrate that the original (no longer extant) was in Ukrainian and that it was an actual speech delivered at the Warsaw Diet, not a parody of such a speech as has been assumed. The author has discovered hitherto unknown copies of the text and archival materials concerning the historical Melesko; with the use of this data Struminsky builds a stemma for the interrelationship of the extant copies and reconstructs the archetype of the text. In addition, the author has established little- known facts of Melesko's life and connected them with the origin of the Speech. The study concludes with a full glossary to the text, with translation of all foreign words into English.
This work will be useful to experts and students in the field of Slavic languages and literature.
". . . he has made an important contribution to our knowledge of a type of political and social satire that existed in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries." --N. Pavliuc, Canadian Slavonic Papers
168 pp., ISBN 0-916458-11-3 (clothbound), LC 84-80992 (HUP/STRPSE) $7.50.
Ethnicity and National Identity: Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Persons with Ukrainian Mother Tongue in the United States
Oleh Wolowyna, editor
Ethnicity and National Identity is the first quantitative analysis of the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of a representative sample of Ukrainians in the United States. The studies included are based on data from the 1970 and 1980 U.S. population censuses, from the categories persons with Ukrainian mother tongue and persons of Ukrainian ancestry, respectively.
The volume consists of articles presented at a conference at Harvard University. The articles offer in-depth analyses of geographic distribution, fertility and marital status, socioeconomic and housing characteristics, and family structure. Here, for the first time, is a discussion based on solid statistical data of the present and future of Ukrainians in the United States and their role in American society.
xiv, 175 pp., ISBN 0-916458-14-8 (clothbound), LC 85-80954 (HUP/WOLETH) $7.95.
A Phonetic Description of the Ukrainian Language
Ivan Zilyns'kyj, Wolodymyr T. Zyla and Wendell M. Aycock, translators
This translation and re-edited edition of Zilyns'kyj's 1932 work presents a comprehensive analysis of the dialectical and phonetical variations and features of the Ukrainian language. Especially important is its attention to pre-war dialects and isoglosses that have disappeared due to the chaos and destruction of the Second World War. The work's detailed discussions of individual sounds, consonantism, sound combinations, and indices of personal, geographic, and institutional names make this book an important tool for linguists, philologists, and historians.
212 pp., 1 map, ISBN 0-674-66612-7 (paperback), LC 77-073711 (HUP/ZILPHO) $14.50.